Understanding the Three Killings

The Three Killings (San Sha 三煞 in Mandarin) is one of the major afflictions that need our attention before the start of each Chinese Solar calendar, which falls on 4th February each year. It is always good to have each year’s new cures and enhancers in place by 3rd February. But even if you have not already done so, it is better late than never.

The annual location of the Three Killings is easily available from the internet or books, but it is always good to have some basic understanding on how this location is derived. The location of the Three Killings is calculated theoretically through the San He combinations of the 12 Earthly Branches on the 24 Mountains of a Luo Pan Compass.

Its annual position is defined according to one of the four cardinal compass directions: North (Water), East (Wood), South (Fire) or West (Metal).

The concept of the Three Killings is associated with Trinity of Allies of the Earthly Branches. The 12 animal signs are divided into four groups of harmonious alliances with each group comprising 3 animal signs, known as a trinity of allies. Each trinity belongs to an element associated with one of the cardinal directions – North (Water), East (Wood), South (Fire) and West (Metal) – which occupies a total of 90°.

In any given year, the facing position of the Three Killings corresponds to the direction of the trinity of allies. So in year 2020, it is a Rat year. The trinity of allies of the Rat consists also of the Dragon & Monkey, and this trinity belongs to the element of “Water”, which indicates the North direction. Therefore, South is the Three Killings direction of year 2020.

In short, the Three Killings always occupies the direction opposite to the current year’s trinity direction. It will always occupy the North, South, East or West.

Below is the table of trinity of allies grouping with Three Killings direction:


The Three Killings brings 3 types of bad luck; loss of money, loss of loved ones and loss of one’s reputation or accidents.


It is advisable that you do not undertake any form of noisy renovations or re-decorative work in the South part of your house or office between February 4th 2020 and February 3rd 2021. Nor should you disturb the ground by digging holes, building foundations or conducting any maintenance work with any noisy equipment in the South sector inside or outside your property, or in your garden. Once disturbed, this affliction will bring about three types of misfortunes.

Three Celestial Bells

The classical remedy for the Three Killings is to use the Three Celestial Guardians, or the Three Celestial Bells comprising the Pi Yao, Fu Dog and Chi Lin. The Pi Yao protects against loss of wealth, the Fu Dog protects against accidents and the Chi Lin protects against loss of relationships.

In 2020, the Three Killings Star is especially strong, creating many obstacles for those whose entrance or bedroom is located in the South. We have designed the Three Celestial Bells to control and balance these fierce energies.

It is also believed that you should never sit with your back to this direction (South) and it is better to face (South) boldly, especially if this is one of your favorable personal directions.